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What Are Symptomatic Hemorrhoids?

Symptomatic hemorrhoids, commonly called piles, are enlarged veins in the rectum and anus. Sometimes, the blood vessel walls stretch so thin that the veins bulge and get irritated.

They are extremely common. An estimated 50% of all people will experience hemorrhoids by the age of 50.

While we think of hemorrhoids as a disorder, they are part of everyone's anatomy. Hemorrhoidal cushions, also known as anal cushions or rectal cushions, refer to the vascular structures that are present in the anal canal. These three cushions help to maintain continence by providing a seal at the anus. When these cushions become swollen or inflamed, they can lead to the development of symptomatic hemorrhoids.

Symptomatic hemorrhoids can be caused by many factors, including straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation, pregnancy, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Symptoms may include pain, itching, bleeding, and discomfort.

They are categorized into four grades (based on severity).

What Are the Different Types of Hemorrhoids?

While there are four grades of symptomatic hemorrhoids, hemorrhoids can develop in several ways. They might be internal, external, or thrombosed.

Internal Hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids are bulging veins in the lower rectum – just above the anus -- that can cause painless bleeding during bowel movements. They are usually not visible or felt unless they prolapse and protrude outside the anus.

Symptoms of internal hemorrhoids may include painless bleeding, itching, and discomfort. They are usually caused by persistent constipation, but they are also linked to obesity, pregnancy, and other factors that put pressure on the veins in the rectum. 

External Hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids are swollen veins that develop around the anus (below the lower rectum), just beneath the skin. They can cause pain, itching, and discomfort, especially during bowel movements.

They are generally caused by increased pressure in the veins of the rectum, which can be due to excess force during bowel movements, pregnancy, obesity, or other factors.

Thrombosed Hemorrhoids

Thrombosed hemorrhoids are enlarged blood vessels in the anal or rectal area that have developed a blood clot. They can be extremely painful, particularly when sitting or during bowel movements. While most thrombosed hemorrhoids are external, some can develop internally.

While thrombosed hemorrhoids can be very painful and uncomfortable, they are not usually considered dangerous. However, in rare cases, complications can occur, such as infection or the formation of an abscess. 

What Are the Symptoms of Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoid symptoms might differ based on the hemorrhoid grade and type.

Some common symptoms include the following

Hemorrhoids can also cause a full sensation in the rectal area.

How Do Doctors Diagnose Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoid diagnosis requires taking the patient's medical history, performing a physical examination, and employing diagnostic imaging to visualize internal hemorrhoids. The physician might use the following diagnostic techniques and tools

Texas Hemorrhoid Institute: Providing Dedicated, Non-Surgical Hemorrhoid Treatment

Texas Hemorrhoid Institute is at the forefront of minimally invasive hemorrhoid treatment, with a team of highly experienced, compassionate specialists who are dedicated to providing the highest level of care.

Our state-of-the-art equipment and techniques ensure precise and effective symptom relief tailored to each patient's unique condition. We are committed to patient comfort, safety, and successful outcomes.

If you struggle with symptomatic hemorrhoids, please get in touch with our team of compassionate care professionalsget in touch with our team of compassionate care professionalsget in touch with our team of compassionate care professionals today.

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